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网投被黑了提款出不_net core天马行空系列: 一个接口多个实现类,利用mixin技术通过自定义服务名,实现精准属性注入

系列目录

1.net core天马行空系列:原生DI+AOP实现spring boot注解式编程

2.net core天马行空系列: 泛型仓储和声明式事物实现最优雅的crud操作

       哈哈哈哈,大家好,我就是高产似母猪的三合。日常开发中,我们常会遇到这样的场景,一个接口,有多个实现类,在某个业务中,我们希望指定某个实现类,如今网络上常见的解决方案,就是注入一个委托或者利用工厂模式,这些方式虽然能实现功能,但使用起来还是不够优雅,如何才称得上优雅呢?自然是在添加服务的时候给服务指定名称,注入的时候根据名称来进行注入,没错,就是类似spring boot里的@Qualifier注解,那么net core能实现这个注解么?要知道net core里的原生DI并不支持在注册的时候给服务添加名称,所以实现起来也是难上加难,但是,利用动态代理,我们就能完美解决这个问题,没错,他Lei了,net core版[QualifierAttribute],实现这个注解用到的最核心的技术,就是动态代理中非常重要的mixin,什么是mixin呢?玩过less的小伙伴可能会知道,这玩意可以把2个css样式混合成一个,而在net core中,DP(castle.dynamicproxy)提供的mixin技术,可以在程序运行时,把多个类混合成一个动态代理类,这个混合类既可以用作类1,又可以用作类2,那么思路就很清晰了,类1就是我们注入的服务类,类2需要我们自定义,在我们的这个自定义类中,我们可以添加一个Name的属性,这样在注册服务的时候给服务命名,到了注入的时候,我们就可以根据名称来进行精准地的属性注入。BTW,动态代理,注解式编程,AOP贯穿本系列始终,no bb,正文开始。

1.定义用到的类

定义QualifierAttribute注解

 public class QualifierAttribute : Attribute
    {
        public string Name { get; }

        public QualifierAttribute(string name)
        {
            if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(name))
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("服务名称不能为空");
            }

            this.Name = name;
        }
    }

定义用来进行混合的附加类接口IDependencyAddition和他的实现类DependencyAddition,类里面只有一个名称的属性。

public interface IDependencyAddition
    {
        string Name { set; get; }
    }
 public class DependencyAddition : IDependencyAddition
    {
        public string Name { set; get; }
    }

第一篇文章里,讲过有一辆汽车,汽车里有引擎,我们在这基础上进行扩展,汽车总是有轮胎的,我们定义一个轮胎接口IWheel和他的2个实现类WheelA和WheelB,类里只有一个Scroll方法,表示轮胎在滚,同时向控制台输出他们是哪种轮胎。

 public interface IWheel
    {
        void Scroll();
    }
  public class WheelA : IWheel
    {
        public void Scroll()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("我是A轮胎,我正在滚");
        }
    }
 public class WheelB : IWheel
    {
        public void Scroll()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("我是B轮胎,我正在滚");
        }
    }

修改汽车类接口ICar和他的实现类Car,主要就是添加了轮胎的属性注入,并且用[Qualifier("B轮胎")]注解指定使用哪种轮胎,然后调用Scroll方法,让轮胎滚起来。

   public interface ICar
    {
        Engine Engine { set; get; }

        IWheel Wheel { set; get; }

        void Fire();
    }
   public class Car : ICar
    {
        [Autowired]
        public Engine Engine { set; get; }

        [Value("oilNo")]
        public int OilNo { set; get; }

        [Autowired]
        [Qualifier("B轮胎")]
        public IWheel Wheel { set; get; }

        [Transactional]
        public void Fire()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("加满" + OilNo + "号汽油,点火");

            Wheel.Scroll();

            Engine.Start();
        }
    }

IServiceCollection的静态扩展类SummerBootExtentions,和上一篇相比,主要是添加了AddSbService的新重载,使注册服务的时候能够为服务添加名称,在这基础上进一步封装了AddSbSingleton,AddSbScoped和AddSbTransient方法。还有在工厂委托函数里进行属性注入的时候,添加了支持[QualifierAttribute]注解的逻辑,完整类代码如下:

public static class SummerBootExtentions
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 瞬时
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TService"></typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TImplementation"></typeparam>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbTransient<TService, TImplementation>(this IServiceCollection services, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(typeof(TService), typeof(TImplementation), ServiceLifetime.Transient, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 瞬时
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="serviceType"></param>
        /// <param name="implementationType"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbTransient(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType,
            Type implementationType, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(serviceType, implementationType, ServiceLifetime.Transient, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 请求级别
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TService"></typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TImplementation"></typeparam>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbScoped<TService, TImplementation>(this IServiceCollection services, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(typeof(TService), typeof(TImplementation), ServiceLifetime.Scoped, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 请求级别
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="serviceType"></param>
        /// <param name="implementationType"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbScoped(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType,
            Type implementationType, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(serviceType, implementationType, ServiceLifetime.Scoped, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 单例
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TService"></typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TImplementation"></typeparam>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbSingleton<TService, TImplementation>(this IServiceCollection services, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(typeof(TService), typeof(TImplementation), ServiceLifetime.Singleton, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 单例
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="serviceType"></param>
        /// <param name="implementationType"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbSingleton(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType,
            Type implementationType, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(serviceType, implementationType, ServiceLifetime.Singleton, interceptorTypes);
        }

        public static IServiceCollection AddSbService(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType, Type implementationType,
            ServiceLifetime lifetime, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            services.Add(new ServiceDescriptor(implementationType, implementationType, lifetime));

            object Factory(IServiceProvider provider)
            {
                var target = provider.GetService(implementationType);
                var properties = implementationType.GetTypeInfo().DeclaredProperties;

                foreach (PropertyInfo info in properties)
                {
                    //属性注入
                    if (info.GetCustomAttribute<AutowiredAttribute>() != null)
                    {
                        var propertyType = info.PropertyType;
                        object impl = null;
                        var qualifierAttribute = info.GetCustomAttribute<QualifierAttribute>();
                        if (qualifierAttribute != null)
                        {
                            var serviceName = qualifierAttribute.Name;
                            var implList = provider.GetServices(propertyType);
                            foreach (var tmpImpl in implList)
                            {
                                if (ProxyUtil.IsProxy(tmpImpl))
                                {
                                    var addition = tmpImpl as IDependencyAddition;
                                    if (addition?.Name == serviceName)
                                    {
                                        impl = tmpImpl;
                                        break; ;
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            impl = provider.GetService(propertyType);
                        }

                        if (impl != null)
                        {
                            info.SetValue(target, impl);
                        }
                    }

                    //配置值注入
                    if (info.GetCustomAttribute<ValueAttribute>() is ValueAttribute valueAttribute)
                    {
                        var value = valueAttribute.Value;
                        if (provider.GetService(typeof(IConfiguration)) is IConfiguration configService)
                        {
                            var pathValue = configService.GetSection(value).Value;
                            if (pathValue != null)
                            {
                                var pathV = Convert.ChangeType(pathValue, info.PropertyType);
                                info.SetValue(target, pathV);
                            }
                        }

                    }
                }

                List<IInterceptor> interceptors = interceptorTypes.ToList()
                    .ConvertAll<IInterceptor>(interceptorType => provider.GetService(interceptorType) as IInterceptor);

                var proxyGenerator = provider.GetService<ProxyGenerator>();
                var proxy = proxyGenerator.CreateInterfaceProxyWithTarget(serviceType, target, interceptors.ToArray());

                return proxy;
            };

            var serviceDescriptor = new ServiceDescriptor(serviceType, Factory, lifetime);
            services.Add(serviceDescriptor);

            return services;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 瞬时
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TService"></typeparam>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbTransient<TService>(this IServiceCollection services, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(typeof(TService), ServiceLifetime.Transient, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 瞬时
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="serviceType"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbTransient(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(serviceType, ServiceLifetime.Transient, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 请求
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TService"></typeparam>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbScoped<TService>(this IServiceCollection services, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(typeof(TService), ServiceLifetime.Scoped, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 请求
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="serviceType"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbScoped(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType,
             params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(serviceType, ServiceLifetime.Scoped, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 单例
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TService"></typeparam>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbSingleton<TService>(this IServiceCollection services, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(typeof(TService), ServiceLifetime.Singleton, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 单例
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="serviceType"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbSingleton(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(serviceType, ServiceLifetime.Singleton, interceptorTypes);
        }

        public static IServiceCollection AddSbService(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType,
            ServiceLifetime lifetime, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            if (services == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(services));
            if (serviceType == (Type)null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(serviceType));

            object Factory(IServiceProvider provider)
            {
                List<IInterceptor> interceptors = interceptorTypes.ToList()
                    .ConvertAll<IInterceptor>(interceptorType => provider.GetService(interceptorType) as IInterceptor);

                var proxyGenerator = provider.GetService<ProxyGenerator>();

                var proxy = proxyGenerator.CreateClassProxy(serviceType, interceptors.ToArray());

                var properties = serviceType.GetTypeInfo().DeclaredProperties;

                foreach (PropertyInfo info in properties)
                {
                    //属性注入
                    if (info.GetCustomAttribute<AutowiredAttribute>() != null)
                    {
                        var propertyType = info.PropertyType;
                        object impl = null;
                        var qualifierAttribute = info.GetCustomAttribute<QualifierAttribute>();
                        if (qualifierAttribute != null)
                        {
                            var serviceName = qualifierAttribute.Name;
                            var implList = provider.GetServices(propertyType);
                            foreach (var tmpImpl in implList)
                            {
                                if (ProxyUtil.IsProxy(tmpImpl))
                                {
                                    var addition = tmpImpl as IDependencyAddition;
                                    if (addition?.Name == serviceName)
                                    {
                                        impl = tmpImpl;
                                        break; ;
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            impl = provider.GetService(propertyType);
                        }

                        if (impl != null)
                        {
                            info.SetValue(proxy, impl);
                        }
                    }
                    //配置值注入
                    if (info.GetCustomAttribute<ValueAttribute>() is ValueAttribute valueAttribute)
                    {
                        var value = valueAttribute.Value;
                        if (provider.GetService(typeof(IConfiguration)) is IConfiguration configService)
                        {
                            var pathValue = configService.GetSection(value).Value;
                            if (pathValue != null)
                            {
                                var pathV = Convert.ChangeType(pathValue, info.PropertyType);
                                info.SetValue(proxy, pathV);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }

                return proxy;
            };

            var serviceDescriptor = new ServiceDescriptor(serviceType, Factory, lifetime);
            services.Add(serviceDescriptor);

            return services;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 添加summer boot扩展
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="builder"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IMvcBuilder AddSB(this IMvcBuilder builder)
        {
            if (builder == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(builder));
            ControllerFeature feature = new ControllerFeature();
            builder.PartManager.PopulateFeature<ControllerFeature>(feature);
            foreach (Type type in feature.Controllers.Select<TypeInfo, Type>((Func<TypeInfo, Type>)(c => c.AsType())))
                builder.Services.TryAddTransient(type, type);
            builder.Services.Replace(ServiceDescriptor.Transient<IControllerActivator, SbControllerActivator>());

            return builder;
        }

        public static IServiceCollection AddSbRepositoryService(this IServiceCollection services, params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            var types = AppDomain.CurrentDomain.GetAssemblies().SelectMany(it => it.GetTypes());

            var tableType = types.Where(it => it.GetCustomAttribute<TableAttribute>() != null);

            foreach (var type in tableType)
            {
                var injectServiceType = typeof(IRepository<>).MakeGenericType(type);
                var injectImplType = typeof(BaseRepository<>).MakeGenericType(type);
                services.AddSbScoped(injectServiceType, injectImplType, interceptorTypes);
            }

            return services;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 瞬时
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TService"></typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TImplementation"></typeparam>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="name"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbTransient<TService, TImplementation>(this IServiceCollection services, string name = "", params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(typeof(TService), typeof(TImplementation), ServiceLifetime.Transient, name, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 瞬时
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="serviceType"></param>
        /// <param name="implementationType"></param>
        /// <param name="name"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbTransient(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType,
            Type implementationType, string name = "", params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(serviceType, implementationType, ServiceLifetime.Transient, name, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 请求级别
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TService"></typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TImplementation"></typeparam>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="name"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbScoped<TService, TImplementation>(this IServiceCollection services, string name = "", params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(typeof(TService), typeof(TImplementation), ServiceLifetime.Scoped, name, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 请求级别
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="serviceType"></param>
        /// <param name="implementationType"></param>
        /// <param name="name"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbScoped(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType,
            Type implementationType, string name = "", params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(serviceType, implementationType, ServiceLifetime.Scoped, name, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 单例
        /// </summary>
        /// <typeparam name="TService"></typeparam>
        /// <typeparam name="TImplementation"></typeparam>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="name"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbSingleton<TService, TImplementation>(this IServiceCollection services, string name = "", params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(typeof(TService), typeof(TImplementation), ServiceLifetime.Singleton, name, interceptorTypes);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 单例
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="services"></param>
        /// <param name="serviceType"></param>
        /// <param name="implementationType"></param>
        /// <param name="name"></param>
        /// <param name="interceptorTypes"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IServiceCollection AddSbSingleton(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType,
            Type implementationType, string name = "", params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            return services.AddSbService(serviceType, implementationType, ServiceLifetime.Singleton, name, interceptorTypes);
        }

        public static IServiceCollection AddSbService(this IServiceCollection services, Type serviceType, Type implementationType,
            ServiceLifetime lifetime, string name = "", params Type[] interceptorTypes)
        {
            services.Add(new ServiceDescriptor(implementationType, implementationType, lifetime));

            object Factory(IServiceProvider provider)
            {
                var target = provider.GetService(implementationType);
                var properties = implementationType.GetTypeInfo().DeclaredProperties;

                foreach (PropertyInfo info in properties)
                {
                    //属性注入
                    if (info.GetCustomAttribute<AutowiredAttribute>() != null)
                    {
                        var propertyType = info.PropertyType;
                        object impl = null;
                        var qualifierAttribute = info.GetCustomAttribute<QualifierAttribute>();
                        if (qualifierAttribute != null)
                        {
                            var serviceName = qualifierAttribute.Name;
                            var implList = provider.GetServices(propertyType);
                            foreach (var tmpImpl in implList)
                            {
                                if (ProxyUtil.IsProxy(tmpImpl))
                                {
                                    var addition = tmpImpl as IDependencyAddition;
                                    if (addition?.Name == serviceName)
                                    {
                                        impl = tmpImpl;
                                        break; ;
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            impl = provider.GetService(propertyType);
                        }

                        if (impl != null)
                        {
                            info.SetValue(target, impl);
                        }
                    }

                    //配置值注入
                    if (info.GetCustomAttribute<ValueAttribute>() is ValueAttribute valueAttribute)
                    {
                        var value = valueAttribute.Value;
                        if (provider.GetService(typeof(IConfiguration)) is IConfiguration configService)
                        {
                            var pathValue = configService.GetSection(value).Value;
                            if (pathValue != null)
                            {
                                var pathV = Convert.ChangeType(pathValue, info.PropertyType);
                                info.SetValue(target, pathV);
                            }
                        }

                    }
                }

                List<IInterceptor> interceptors = interceptorTypes.ToList()
                    .ConvertAll<IInterceptor>(interceptorType => provider.GetService(interceptorType) as IInterceptor);

                var proxyGenerator = provider.GetService<ProxyGenerator>();
                var options = new ProxyGenerationOptions();
                options.AddMixinInstance(new DependencyAddition() { Name = name });
                var proxy = proxyGenerator.CreateInterfaceProxyWithTarget(serviceType, target, options, interceptors.ToArray());

                return proxy;
            };

            var serviceDescriptor = new ServiceDescriptor(serviceType, Factory, lifetime);
            services.Add(serviceDescriptor);

            return services;
        }
    }
View Code

修改第一篇中自定义的控制器激活类SbControllerActivator,添加支持[QualifierAttribute]注解的逻辑。

 public class SbControllerActivator : IControllerActivator
    {
        /// <inheritdoc />
        public object Create(ControllerContext actionContext)
        {
            if (actionContext == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(actionContext));

            Type serviceType = actionContext.ActionDescriptor.ControllerTypeInfo.AsType();

            var target = actionContext.HttpContext.RequestServices.GetRequiredService(serviceType);

            var properties = serviceType.GetTypeInfo().DeclaredProperties;

            var proxyGenerator = actionContext.HttpContext.RequestServices.GetService<ProxyGenerator>();

            var proxy = proxyGenerator.CreateClassProxyWithTarget(serviceType, target);

            foreach (PropertyInfo info in properties)
            {
                //属性注入
                if (info.GetCustomAttribute<AutowiredAttribute>() != null)
                {
                    var propertyType = info.PropertyType;
                    object impl = null;
                    var qualifierAttribute = info.GetCustomAttribute<QualifierAttribute>();
                    if (qualifierAttribute != null)
                    {
                        var serviceName = qualifierAttribute.Name;
                        var implList = actionContext.HttpContext.RequestServices.GetServices(propertyType);
                        foreach (var tmpImpl in implList)
                        {
                            if (ProxyUtil.IsProxy(tmpImpl))
                            {
                                var addition = tmpImpl as IDependencyAddition;
                                if (addition?.Name == serviceName)
                                {
                                    impl = tmpImpl;
                                    break; ;
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        impl = actionContext.HttpContext.RequestServices.GetService(propertyType);
                    }

                    if (impl != null)
                    {
                        info.SetValue(proxy, impl);
                    }
                }

                //配置值注入
                if (info.GetCustomAttribute<ValueAttribute>() is ValueAttribute valueAttribute)
                {
                    var value = valueAttribute.Value;
                    if (actionContext.HttpContext.RequestServices.GetService(typeof(IConfiguration)) is IConfiguration configService)
                    {
                        var pathValue = configService.GetSection(value).Value;
                        if (pathValue != null)
                        {
                            var pathV = Convert.ChangeType(pathValue, info.PropertyType);
                            info.SetValue(proxy, pathV);
                        }
                    }

                }
            }

            return proxy;
        }

        /// <inheritdoc />
        public virtual void Release(ControllerContext context, object controller)
        {
        }
    }
View Code

修改Startup.cs类里的ConfigureServices方法,可以看到,我们在注册WheelA和WheelB的时候,为服务添加了名称,并且随手添加了个拦截器,代码如下:

 public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
        {
            services.Configure<CookiePolicyOptions>(options =>
            {
                // This lambda determines whether user consent for non-essential cookies is needed for a given request.
                options.CheckConsentNeeded = context => true;
                options.MinimumSameSitePolicy = SameSiteMode.None;
            });


            services.AddMvc()
                .SetCompatibilityVersion(CompatibilityVersion.Version_2_1)
                .AddSB();

            services.AddSingleton<ProxyGenerator>();

            services.AddSbScoped<Engine>(typeof(TransactionalInterceptor));

            services.AddSbScoped<IUnitOfWork, UnitOfWork>();
            services.AddScoped(typeof(TransactionalInterceptor));

            services.AddSbScoped<ICar, Car>(typeof(TransactionalInterceptor));

            services.AddSbScoped<IDbFactory, DbFactory>();
            services.AddSbRepositoryService(typeof(TransactionalInterceptor));
            services.AddSbScoped<IAddOilService, AddOilService>(typeof(TransactionalInterceptor));

            services.AddSbScoped<IWheel, WheelA>("A轮胎", typeof(TransactionalInterceptor));
            services.AddSbScoped<IWheel, WheelB>("B轮胎", typeof(TransactionalInterceptor));
        }

 控制器类HomeController,代码如下:

public class HomeController : Controller
    {
        [Autowired]
        public ICar Car { set; get; }

        [Autowired]
        public IDistributedCache Cache { set; get; }

        [Value("description")]
        public string Description { set; get; }

        [Autowired]
        public IAddOilService AddOilService { set; get; }

        public IActionResult Index()
        {

            var car = Car;

            AddOilService.AddOil();

            Car.Fire();

            Console.WriteLine(Description);

            return View();
        }
    }

核心原理,从SummerBootExtentions类完整源码里单独抽取mixin服务注册和属性注入的代码,可以看到在生成动态代理的时候,在option里添加了mixin实例,也就是我们自定义的DependencyAddition,里面包含了这个服务的名称,在注入时,判断是否有[QualifierAttribute]注解,如果有,就获取整个接口的实现类列表,在循环里,判断是否为动态代理类,如果是,就把每个类实例强转为附加类接口IDependencyAddition,然后获取名称,如果名称和我们[QualifierAttribute]注解指定的名称相同,则注入。

,网赌被黑网站不给出款怎么办,网赌被黑审核不通过怎么办,网投被黑审核不通过怎么办,专业出黑网赌追款团队帮您解决,多年经验为您提供优质方案,
 var proxyGenerator = provider.GetService<ProxyGenerator>();
                var options = new ProxyGenerationOptions();
                options.AddMixinInstance(new DependencyAddition() { Name = name });
                var proxy = proxyGenerator.CreateInterfaceProxyWithTarget(serviceType, target, options, interceptors.ToArray());
//属性注入
                    if (info.GetCustomAttribute<AutowiredAttribute>() != null)
                    {
                        var propertyType = info.PropertyType;
                        object impl = null;
                        var qualifierAttribute = info.GetCustomAttribute<QualifierAttribute>();
                        if (qualifierAttribute != null)
                        {
                            var serviceName = qualifierAttribute.Name;
                            var implList = provider.GetServices(propertyType);
                            foreach (var tmpImpl in implList)
                            {
                                if (ProxyUtil.IsProxy(tmpImpl))
                                {
                                    var addition = tmpImpl as IDependencyAddition;
                                    if (addition?.Name == serviceName)
                                    {
                                        impl = tmpImpl;
                                        break; ;
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            impl = provider.GetService(propertyType);
                        }

                        if (impl != null)
                        {
                            info.SetValue(target, impl);
                        }
                    }

2.效果图

先注入A轮胎

从上图可以看到,生成的动态代理类里包含了Name这个属性,并且名称为A轮胎。

控制台输出,也显示了“我是A轮胎,我正在滚”,符合预期。

注入B轮胎

从上图可以看到,生成的动态代理类里包含了Name这个属性,并且名称为B轮胎。

控制台输出,也显示了“我是B轮胎,我正在滚”,符合预期。

3. 写在最后

        通过[Autowired]注解和[Qualifier("B轮胎")]注解联合使用,我们就实现了一个接口多个实现类的精准属性注入,代码看起来是不是舒服多了呢~,我始终相信,如果一件事我讲的别人听不明白,那一定是我讲的不够有趣,不够通俗易懂,所以大白话是必须的,如果文章还有哪里说得太深奥,欢迎给我指出来,同时net core里还有啥功能让你觉得用起来特别别扭的,请!一定!告诉我!,i will try it,因为这特别有趣,因为我一直践行的编程理念就是万物靠注入,万物可拦截,万物皆注解,始终相信IOC和AOP是构建软件的基石,哈哈哈哈哈。

        如果这篇文章对你有所帮助,不妨点个赞咯。

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